Chapter 27 - Part 20 - Off-Street Parking, Loading & Unloading
OFF-STREET PARKING, LOADING AND UNLOADING
§2001. GENERAL REGULATIONS.
1. Off street parking, loading and unloading facili¬ties shall be provided to lessen congestion in the streets. The facilities required herein shall be available for the particular business or use for which such facilities are provided.
2. Parking spaces required under this Chapter shall be:
A. Located on the premises containing the principal use; or,
B. Located on another lot having the same owner¬ship as the premises of the principal use; and, provided that:
(1) Such other lot shall be located at a distance of not more than 500 feet as measured along the center line of the planned route of pedestrian traffic between the principal pedestrian entrance of the building or other structure on the premises of the principal use and the geographical center of the parking area on the off premises parking lot; and,
(2) The owner enters into a written agree¬ment with the Township of Hampden subject to the prior approval of the Zoning Officer and the Township Solicitor as to both form and substance, whereby a covenant running with both lands shall be imposed assuring the perpetual use of such off premises parking lot in connection with the parking requirements hereun¬der for the principal premises, said agreement shall be executed and duly recorded in the Office of the Recorder of Deeds in Cumberland County, Pennsylva¬nia prior to and as a condition of approval of such off premises parking lot.
(Ord. 84 2, 3/29/1984, §1900; as amended by Ord. 84 7, 7/3/1984)
3. For purposes of this Part 20, a “Multi-Use Facility” is a building or structure that (i) is located in the C-G Commercial-General District or C-L Commercial-Limited District and is located on a property that has not opted into any overlay district, including the Mixed Use Overlay, (ii) consists of a Building Area of more than 70,000 square feet, and (iii) contains two (2) or more non-residential, principal uses. The following off-street parking restrictions and modifications shall apply to any Multi-Use Facility: [Ord. 22-03]
A. Shared or joint parking facilities for any Multi-Use Facility may be established, provided that the number of spaces provided is not less than the sum total of the spaces required for each individual use served by the shared or joint parking facility, subject, however, to the reductions and modifications permitted by Section 2001.3.B., below.
B. Reductions and Modifications: Hampden Township will grant an application for the reduction or modification to the total number of required off-street parking spaces required for any Multi-Use Facility, if and to the extent the applicant satisfies any of the following criteria:
(1) Upon the applicant’s submission of a Parking Study describing the requested parking reduction or modification, to be reviewed and approved by the Township Traffic Engineer, which supports the requested parking reduction or modification. The Parking Study shall be based on any one of the following accepted standards as selected by the applicant: standards published in the Institute of Transportation Engineer’s Parking Generation Reports, the Urban Land Institute Shared Parking Study, local data, or other acceptable standard as reasonably acceptable to Hampden Township. The Parking Study shall be prepared by a professional engineer licensed in Pennsylvania and shall include or be submitted with documentation of the following:
(a) The required parking for the individual uses as set forth in the Hampden Township Zoning Ordinance.
(b) The parking demand of the uses over the course of the day, which may include weekends and holidays depending on the use.
(c) The proximity of the parking field to the entrances of the various uses.
(d) A circulation plan for the safe and efficient distribution of vehicles through the site, including delivery and special service vehicles.
(e) A pedestrian plan showing a safe network of pathways and crosswalks for visitors to the site.
(f) Tenant contact information (if applicable).
(g) A determination of the minimum number of parking spaces that would be generally required for the safe and efficient operation of the facilities.
(2) Upon the applicant’s submission of a Parking Study describing the requested parking reduction or modification, to be reviewed and approved by the Township Traffic Engineer, which supports the requested parking reduction or modification by demonstrating that the employees and/or patrons will utilize public transportation services or other modes of transportation, which are not related to the use of automobiles.
(3) The maximum permitted reduction of off-street parking spaces for a Multi-Use Facility shall not exceed fifty percent (50%) of the required total number of spaces for the individual uses of the Multi-Use Facility, as specified under § 2002 of the Zoning Ordinance.
C. Additional Requirements:
(1) In the event the application for any parking reduction or modification relates to any portion of the Multi-Use Facility that is leased to a third party, the applicant shall include a redacted lease or other agreement which limits the hours of operation of the applicable tenant so as to accommodate the peak demands for employees and patrons of the tenant and the employees and patrons of the remaining areas of the Multi-Use Facility, as demonstrated by the Parking Study.
(2) Shared or joint parking facilities may be located on a separate lot, provided that the applicant shall provide an agreement in a form acceptable to the Township solicitor and recorded in the Cumberland County Recorder of Deeds, which assures the use of the required shared parking spaces until such time that the shared or joint parking facilities are located on the same lot as the use(s) served. The agreement shall address ownership, access, use, management, maintenance and repair of the shared or joint parking facility and shall run with the land.
(3) In case of a Multi-Use Facility that is served by a shared or joint parking facility and subject to a condominium or planned community form of ownership, the declaration of condominium shall contain provisions assuring the use of the shared or joint parking facilities among the uses within the condominium which are served by the shared or joint parking facilities. Furthermore, the declaration shall address ownership, access, use, management, maintenance, and repair of shared or joint parking facilities.
D. The reductions and modifications described in § 2001.3.B., above, shall be approved
(1) Subdivision and land development approval. The reductions and modifications to parking requirements for all Multi-Use Facility projects requiring subdivision and land development approval shall be subject to approval by the Board of Commissioners as part of the applicant’s subdivision and land development application.
(2) Permit approval. The reductions and modifications to parking requirements for all Multi-Use Facility projects requiring permit approval and not requiring subdivision and land development approval shall be subject to approval by the Hampden Township Zoning Officer as part of the applicant’s zoning permit application. The Hampden Township Zoning Officer shall have forty-five (45) business days after receipt of the zoning permit application to either grant or reject the requested parking reduction and/or modification.
(3) At the time the applicant submits its request for a reduction or modification in
accordance with D(1) or D(2) above, the applicant shall pay a fee as reasonably
determined by the Township, which will be held in escrow and applied to the Township engineer fees and solicitor fees incurred by the Township in its review of the reduction or modification request.
(Ord. 22 3, 2/24/2022)
§2002. PARKING FACILITIES REQUIRED.
Any structure or building hereafter erected, converted, or enlarged for any of the following uses, or any open area hereafter used for commercial or similar purposes, shall be provided with not less than the minimum spaces, as set forth below, which spaces shall be readily accessible to the uses. Fractional numbers of required parking spaces shall be increased to the next whole number. [Ord. 92-5]
A. Residential Parking:
(1) Dwelling, one or two family - Two parking spaces for each family unit.
(2) Dwelling, multifamily, apartments and townhouses - The total number of parking spaces shall be not less than 1.5 spaces for each single bedroom unit and two spaces for each unit with two or more bedrooms. [Ord. 02-04]
(3) Dwelling, hotels and motels - At least one parking space shall be provided for each guest room. If a restaurant in connection with any other use is open to the public, the off street parking facilities shall be not less than those required for restaurants, in addition to those required for the specific use. [Ord. 02-04]
(4) Assisted living facility – One parking space per every three beds, plus one additional parking space for each employee on the maximum shift. [Ord. 11-11]
(5) Independent living facility – Eight tenths of one parking space for every dwelling unit, plus one additional parking space for each employee on the maximum shift. [Ord. 11-11]
(6) Personal Care Home – One parking space per every three beds, plus one additional parking space for each employee on the maximum shift. [Ord. 15-12]
B. Commercial Parking. Off street parking shall be provided for in accordance with the following schedule.
(1) Theaters, auditoriums, churches, syna¬gogues, stadi¬ums and other similar places of public or private assembly One parking space for each three p¬at¬ron seats provided. [Ord. 92-5]
(2) Retail stores, personal and repair services and banks - One parking space for each 135 square feet of gross floor area for public use, plus one addi¬tional parking space for every two employees. [Ord. 92-5]
(3) Shopping Center One parking space shall be pro¬vided for each 200 square feet of floor area devot¬ed to selling, display and patron use, plus one additional parking space for every two employe¬es. [Ord. 92-5]
(4) Restaurants, nightclubs, taverns, brewpubs, microbreweries and similar establishments One parking space for each thirty-five (35) square feet of gross floor area for public use. [Ord. 15-15]
(5) Bowling Alleys Five parking spaces for each alley or lane.
(6) Office buildings other than for the healing arts One parking space for each 250 square feet of gross floor area. [Ord. 92-5]
(7) Office building for healing arts, (i.e., physicians, dentists, chiropractors, optometrists, veterinarians, etc.) One parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area. [Ord. 13-04]
(8) Motor vehicle garages, service stations and body shops One parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area devoted to repair or service facilities which shall be in addition to the area allocated for the storage of motor vehicles. The motor vehicle storage area shall be at least equal to one parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area of the building devoted to repair or service facilities, which area must be enclosed by fencing in accordance with §1708(4) of Part 17 herein above. [Ord. 92-5]
(a) Elementary, middle and junior high schools one parking space per occupied class¬room, plus one parking space per employee.
(b) High school two tenths of one parking space per enrolled student, plus one parking space per employee. [Ord. 92-5]
(10) Hospitals and institutional buildings One par¬king space for each three beds. Such spaces shall be provided in addition to those necessary for doctors, health care and administrative personnel and other employees. One parking space shall be provided for each employee on the largest shift.
(11) Roller rinks, ice skating rinks, dance halls and other similar places One parking space for each 200 square feet of floor area.
(12) Swimming pools One (1) parking space for every 24 square feet of all water surface areas.
(13) Tennis courts (indoor and outdoor), rac¬quetball and handball courts Two parking spaces for each court provided.
(14) Mortuaries, funeral homes One parking space for each 100 square feet of gross floor area used for memorial services, body viewing area, business office and products display. [Ord. 92-5]
(15) Hotel/motel One parking space per guest room, plus parking spaces in total area equivalent to 30% of all other floor area of the building, plus one parking space for every two employees on the larg¬est employment shift. [Ord. 92-5]
(16) Warehouse and storage One (1) parking space for each 1000 square feet of building area up to 20,000 square feet, plus one parking space for each 2,00¬0 square feet of building area between 20,000 square feet and 40,0¬00 square feet, plus one parking space for each 4,000 square feet of building area in excess of 40,000 square feet. [Ord. 92-5]
(17) Furniture and appliance stores One parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area, plus one parking space for each employee on the largest employment shift. [Ord. 92-5]
(18) Grocery stores One parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area. [Ord. 92-5]
(19) Car dealerships/sales One (1) parking space for each 400 square feet of gross floor area, plus one parking space for each employee on the largest employment shift. [Ord. 92-5]
(20) Child day care center or private nursery or kinder¬garten One parking space per employee, plus one parking space for each five children based upon the maximum number of children who could be lawfully on the premises at any time. [Ord. 92-5]
(21) Adult Day Care Facilities – One parking space per employee, plus one space for each five adult clients based upon the maximum number of adult clients who could be lawfully on the premises at any time. [Ord. 12-04]
(22) Medical Clinics-Limited – One parking space for each bed. Such spaces shall be provided in addition to those necessary for doctors, health care and administrative personnel and other employees. One parking space shall be provided for each employee on the largest shift. Clinics that are included in the definition of Hospital contained in this ordinance shall comply with the parking requirements for office buildings for the healing arts. [Ord. 08-07]
(23) Other commercial uses not specifically provided for One parking space for each employee on the larg¬est employment shift, plus one parking space for each 200 square feet of gross floor area of all uses. Notwith¬standing the foregoing, the zoning officer may increase or decrease the parking re¬quirements to provide adequate and proper parking for the proposed use by considering and comparing criteria prescribed for other and similar uses as specified in this §2002(B). [Ord. 92-5]
C. Outdoor Area Uses.
(1) Golf Four parking spaces for each tee provid¬ed.
(2) Miniature Golf Two parking spaces for each tee provided.
(3) Golf Driving Range One parking space for each tee provided.
(4) Other Open Areas One parking space for each 2,000 square feet of area.
D. Industrial Parking. These regulations shall apply to all industrial installations and industrial expansions erected after the effective date of this Chapter. Off street parking shall be provided on the premises in accordance with the following:
(1) Industrial and manufacturing establishments One parking space for each two employees on the com¬bined major and next largest shift.
(2) Truck terminals and warehouses One parki¬ng space for each two employees on the combined major and next largest shift.
(3) Visitors and Salesmen Space shall be provided in addition to the above parking requirements ac¬cording to specific needs.
(Ord. 84 2, 3/29/1984, §1901; as amended by Ord. 85 4, 4/2/1985; and by Ord. 92-5, 2/4/1992, §16(A),(B); by Ord. 01-07, 11/1/2001, §1; by Ord. 02-04, 8/1/2002, §I; by Ord. 03-01, 1/2/2003, §III; by Ord. 08-07, 06/26/2008, §3, by Ord. 12-04,06/28/2012, by Ord. 15-12, 08/27/2015 and by Ord. 15-15, 11/24/2015)
§2003. PUBLIC RIGHTS OF WAY EXCLUDED.
Parking that may be permitted within any public right of way may not be used in calculating the number of parking spaces that are provided by the applicant. (Ord. 84 2, 3/29/1984, §1902)
§2004. LOADING AND UNLOADING SPACE.
1. In addition to the off stre¬et parking space requirements set forth herein, any building erected, converted or enlarged in any district for commercial, office building, manufacturing, wholesale, hospital or similar uses shall provide adequate off street areas for loading and unloading of vehicles. The minimum size of loading space shall be 50 feet in depth, 12 feet in width, with an overhead clearance of 14 feet and shall be provided according to the following schedule:
Use Gross Floor Area Square Feet Minimum Num¬ber of Spac¬es
Stores, manu¬fac¬tur¬ing, who¬le¬sal¬ing, commercial, hos¬pi¬tal¬s, laundry,
mor¬tu¬ary, dry clean¬ing and sim¬ilar uses Under 8,000 1
8,000 to 40,000 2
40,000 to 100,000 3
100,000 to 250,000 4
Each additional 200,000 1
Office buildings, hotels, motels and similar uses Under 100,000 1
100,000 to 300,000 2
Over 300,000 3
2. In no case where a building is erected, converted or enlarged for commercial, manufacturing or business purposes shall the public rights of way be used for loading or unloading of materials.
(Ord. 84 2, 3/29/1984, §1903)
§2005. DESIGN STANDARDS.
All off street parking areas shall be designed to meet the following standards:
A. Parking lot where more than two parking spaces are required under §2001, such spaces shall be provided in a parking lot.
B. Surfacing. All off street parking areas shall be paved so as to provide a permanent, durable and dust free surface. All entrance and exit drives serving a parking area shall be paved in accordance with PennDOT Form 408 specifica¬tions. [Ord. 92-5]
C. Drainage. All drainage shall be controlled so as not to create water runoff to any adjacent properties or undesirable conditions. Parking areas, when determined necessary by the Township Engineer, shall have storm¬water drainage facilities discharge to an adequate storm drainage system. All storm drainage facilities and plans are subject to approval by the Township Engineer.
D. Entrance and Exit Drives. Ingress and egress for a parking lot shall be a minimum of 16 feet in width for one-way access use and a minimum of 24 fe¬et in width for two way access use. Drives providing ingress and egress for trucking operations, such as, but not limited to, truck terminals, drop lots and warehouses, shall be 20 feet in width for one-way traffic and 30 feet in width for two-way traffic. [Ord. 99-06]
E. Fire Lanes. Fire lanes shall be provided where deter¬mined necessary by the Zoning Officer as provided for in accordance with the provisions of the Hampden Township Fire Prevention Code. [Ord. 92-5]
F. Circulation. Circulation control shall be designe¬d to one way directional travel whenever possible. No parking shall be provided or permitted along any circulation drives or entrance and exit drives. Drives shall be uniform in width and provide for 90 degree intersections wherever possible. Circula¬tion traffic lanes shall have a minimum width of 16 feet for one way traffic, and a minimum width of 24 feet for two way traffic in all areas not controlled by entrance or exit drives and parking access drive standards. [Ord. 92-5]
G. Traffic Control. Entrance and exit arrangements, acceler¬a¬tion and deceleration lanes and traffic signals may be required depending on the amount of anticipated traffic and the condition of the public street.
H. Service Traffic. Customer and service traffic shall be separated whenever possible. Loading and unloading areas shall be located so as not to interfere with customer parking area. [Ord. 98-7]
I. Landscape Strips. Parking areas with more than 50 spa¬ces shall provide landscaping strips to separate the parking spaces from the entrance, exit and circulatory drives. The landscaping strip shall have a minimum width of 8 feet and a depth or length equal to the parking stalls as shown on Standard Drawing 2005 and shall have perimeter curbing. A landscaping plan shall be submit¬ted for the landscape strip areas, which shall show types of trees, shrubs, etc., and the location of each. Vegetation shall not interfere with required site distances. [Ord. 92-5]
J. Parking Lot Area. Parking lots shall be divided into separate parking areas. Each area shall not exceed 300 feet in length and 256 feet in width or a width capable of providing four parking lanes and four parking access drives. These areas shall have their entire perimeter defined by curbs, walks, landscaping strips or other devices to control traffic.
K. Parking Lanes. Parking lanes shall be no longer than 300 feet in length without providing a circulatory drive. The outside perimeter of a parking lot providing the required parking spaces shall be located not more than 600 feet from the use requiring the parking. Parking spaces located more than 300 fe¬et from the use requiring the parking shall provide pedestrian access sidewalks from the parking area to the specific use. Said sidewalks shall be not less than 4 feet in width. The location of parking spaces and sidewalks shall be designed to prevent intrusion of vehicles onto side¬walks. The 600 foot requirement shall not apply to a Hospital and Medical Campus, which shall be required to meet all other requirements of this Section 2005. [Ord. 16-07]
L. Parking Access Drives. Parking access drives shall be provided as a means of vehicular travel to and from the entrance and exit drives and the parking spaces. Access drives shall be designed to provide the specified width in accordance with Standard Drawing 2005.
M. Deadend Drives. All parking lots with deadend drives shall be designed to provide sufficient backup or turnaround area for the end parking spaces, 5 feet minimum. [Ord. 92-5]
N. All parking spaces shall be not less than 9 feet wide by 19 feet long. [Ord. 92-5]
O. Handicapped parking spaces shall be provided in accor¬dance with the following schedule and shall be not less than 13 feet wide by 19 feet long. One parking space in every eight required accessible spaces, but not less than one, shall be designated as van accessible. Van accessible parking spaces shall be 16 feet wide by 19 feet long. They shall conform in all other respects to the require¬ments of the Hampden Township Building Code concerning mark¬ing, in¬gress/egress, and shall be located as close as possible to pedestrian elevators, ramps, walkways, and building entrances.
Total Parking Spa¬ces in Par¬king Lot Required Number of Han¬di¬cap¬ped Acces¬si¬ble Par¬king Spac¬es
1 to 25 1 (Van Accessible)
26 to 50 2
51 to 75 3
76 to 100 4
101 to 150 5
151 to 200 6
201 to 300 7
301 to 400 8
401 to 500 9
501 to 1000 2% of total parking spaces
Over 1000 20 plus 1 space for each 100 spac¬es over 1,000 spaces
P. Parking Space Marking. Parking spaces shall be defined on the lot surface by a 4 inch wide painted or road surface tape line. Lines shall be replaced as necessary to assure their continuous visibility. [Ord. 92-5]
Q. Signs. Entrances and exits shall be clearly marked by signs. One way access drives shall be marked on the drive surface and by above grade signs. All parking lots with over 100 spaces shall have the individual parking lane identified.
R. Lighting. All lighting used to illuminate off street parking areas shall be arranged so as to prevent direct light from shining onto the adjoining premises and/or public right¬-of ways. Light standards shall be protected from vehicular traffic by curbing or landscaping. [Ord. 98-7]
S. Standard Drawings. Standard Drawing 2005 attached hereto may be used as a parking area layout guide. [Ord. 98-7; Ord. 00-01]
(Ord. 84 2, 3/29/1984, §1904; as amended by Ord. 92-5, 2/4/1992, §16; by Ord. 98-7, 8/27/1998; by Ord. 00-01, 01/27/2000, §1, and by Ord. 16-07, 10/27/2016)
§2006. RESIDENTIAL DESIGN STANDARDS
All off-street parking areas shall be designed to meet the following standards when more than two (2) parking spaces are required.
A. No more than one ingress and egress is permitted per building and no more than 24 dwelling units or 60 parking spaces may access a single ingress or egress at the public street. [Ord. 00-01]
B. All parking and access drives must be paved and conform to Standard Drawing No. 2005.
C. The design standard contained in paragraph 2006.A shall not apply under the following circumstances:
(1) Where all of the buildings, grounds, parking areas and drive lanes, etc. are under common ownership;
(2) Where all of the buildings, grounds, parking areas and drive lanes, etc. are maintained by the property owner or its assigns;
(3) Where any private streets within the property are constructed to Township cross-section paving requirements contained in the Township's street specifications; and
(4) Where the Township is provided with a snow removal plan during the Subdivision and Land Development approval process for the Township's review and approval.
(Ord. 00-01, 1/27/00, §1; as amended by Ord. 04-04, 5/27/2004, §I(A))