Chapter 22 – Part 7 – Mobile Home Parks

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PART 7

 

MOBILE HOME PARKS

 

 

  • 701. GRANT OF POWER.

 

Provisions regulating mobile home parks as set forth in this Part are those pursuant to §501 of the Municipalities Planning Code.

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §701)

 

 

  • 702. PURPOSE, AUTHORITY AND JURISDICTION.

 

The purpose, authority and jurisdic­tion for land development as a mobile home park are the same as contained in Part 1 of this Chapter.

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §702)

 

 

  • 703. GENERAL PROCEDURE AND PLAN REQUIREMENTS.

 

The general procedure and plan requirements for land developments as a mobile home park shall be in accordance with the requirements contained in Parts 3 and 4 of this Chapter.

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §703)

 

 

  • 704. DESIGN STANDARDS.

 

The arrangements and other design standards of streets, easements, blocks, lots, storm­water management, erosion and sedimentation control and floodplain regulations shall be in accordance with the requirements contained in Part 5 of this Chapter and the Hampden Township Zoning Ordinance, [Chapter 27].

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §704)

 

 

  • 705. IMPROVEMENTS AND CONSTRUCTION REQUIREMENTS.

 

In a mobile home park all improve­ments, construction requirements and engineering specifications for the improvements required shall be provided in accordance with Part 5 and Part 6 of this Chapter.

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §705)

 

 

  • 706. FEES.

 

The fee schedule for filing, inspection and engineering fees for land devel­op­ment as a mobile home park shall be in accordance with the requirements contained in Part 3, §302, of this Chapter.

 

(Ord. 95-1, 2/2/1995, §706)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Part 7-A

            DESIGN STANDARDS FOR THE M-U MIXED USE OVERLAY DISTRICT

 

  • The purpose of this Part is to:

 

  1. Support the intent of the M-U Mixed Use Overlay Zoning District as contained in the Hampden Township Zoning Ordinance.
  2. Promote high quality development by utilizing appropriate building materials to create highly articulated architecture with a fully integrated streetscape.
  3. Provide for safe, convenient, direct pedestrian access to buildings and to and from public sidewalks, bus stops, crosswalks, pedestrian or bicycle trails and between various buildings.
  4. Promote the use of alternative modes of transportation such as bicycle and pedestrian paths and bus transportation and provide and maintain high quality bus stop waiting areas.
  5. Provide a pedestrian-friendly character and atmosphere throughout the district with common use areas, courtyards, plazas, pedestrian/bicycle paths, street trees, seating areas, coordinated street furnishings, ornamental lighting and pedestrian-scale signage and wayfinding.
  • Applicability:

 

  1. The design standards of this Part shall apply to any land development application proposed under the M-U Mixed Use Overlay District option.      styles, materials and motifs, the proposed architecture shall be subject to the Design(3) If there is a conflict between the Design Guidelines for the M-U Mixed Use Overlay    Standards, the M-U Mixed Use Overlay District standards shall govern.
  2.      District and other Township Land Development and Subdivision Ordinance
  3.      Guidelines.
  4. (2) Chain Store or Restaurant Architecture:   If a proposed use has standard architectural
  1. Compliance: A “Design Manual” shall be submitted in conjunction with a preliminary land development plan to demonstrate how the development will comply with the Design Guidelines. The Design Manual shall include the following items:
  1. Sketch plan, drawn to scale, showing the plan elements as required by Township ordinances;
  2. Photographs of existing buildings that illustrate the design intent of the proposal; or building elevations drawn to scale; or photo-realistic illustrations depicting proposed scale, proportions, design elements, materials and color;
  3. Colored rendering of the plan(s);
  4. Landscape plan; and
  5. Current photographs of existing site conditions.
  6. Once the preliminary styles are reviewed by the Township, and the Township provides the applicant with written comments, additional and more detailed preliminary plan, architectural renderings, prepared by a registered architect, shall be submitted for all proposed buildings, together with a list and samples of types of exterior building materials that will be visible from any public street. Similarly, a rendered landscape plan, prepared by a registered landscape architect shall also be submitted for review. An outdoor lighting plan shall also be submitted for review.
  7. Township approval of proposed architectural and streetscape design is required for the land development application to be approved.
  8.  
  • Site Design Standards:

 

  1. Overall Site Coordination: The site shall be designed as a unified development, with a coordinated site design, landscape plan, signage, wayfinding, lighting, site amenities, paving and other similar site features
  2. Location of Parking: The site shall be designed to minimize the view of parking lots from the street. Parking shall be concentrated to the side and rear of the building(s) and behind the front yard setback line.
  3. Vehicle Access: In order to facilitate efficient internal traffic circulation and minimize road traffic for short trips, all parking areas shall be designed to connect directly to parking areas on adjacent lots. If a connection is not possible at the time of land development, site design provisions shall be made for a future connection to adjacent properties. Permanent cross-access easements between properties shall be enacted. Shared or common driveways shall be provided.
  1. If a lot is developed or redeveloped, any new vehicular access point shall be located along a side lot line in order to create a shared driveway with the adjacent lot.
    1. Pedestrian Circulation: A safe and direct pedestrian access shall be provided from the trails and sidewalks to the building entrances and exits.
      1. When 150 feet or more of new building wall is constructed between a sidewalk or pedestrian / bicycle way and parking at the rear of the building, a pedestrian access way shall be provided (i.e., through a lobby or via an alley) from the pedestrian way to the parking facilities.
  • Accessibility: An accessible route shall be provided for persons with disabilities in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local standards.

 

  1.  
  1. Buildings and Streetscape Design Standards: Treatments between any building and the street edge shall utilize the following design standards:
  1. Building Orientation and Access.
    1. Buildings shall be designed with windows, public access points and signage facing streets, sidewalks and pedestrian ways.
    2. Grade level exterior doors that swing onto a public walkway are prohibited.
  2. The Primary Building Entrance.
    1. A primary pedestrian building entrance shall be located on one or more primary front facades facing the street and pedestrian way, rather than the rear or sides of the building, and shall be well articulated and visible from the street as described herein. Secondary access points may be located along other facades.
    2. In multiuse buildings, each building use and street floor tenant space shall have at least one functional entrance directly visible and accessible from the street. Where tenant entrances are via common lobbies, lobby entrances shall create architectural emphasis through design features such as changes in building plane, step backs, fenestration patterns, balconies, towers, bays, or similar features.
    3. If the primary building entrance is not located along the primary front façade then the applicant must demonstrate that the primary building entrance may not feasibly be located along the primary front façade and the primary building entrance shall be located to the side of the building in accordance with the following:
  1. Buildings with the primary building entrance on the side shall be visually emphasized to make the entry visible from adjacent and nearby public roadways. Architectural emphasis shall be achieved through design features such as changes in building plane, step backs, fenestration patterns, balconies, towers, building entries, bays, or similar features.
  2. Buildings with the main entry on the side shall be accessible by a public walkway connecting the sidewalk along the site’s street frontage to the parking areas.
  1. Building Architectural Design Standards: The architectural design standards are intended to ensure that the size, proportions and design of new or substantially improved buildings create a pedestrian-friendly environment, that is highly articulated as described herein. The visual mass of all buildings shall be de-emphasized through the use of architectural elements including building form, architectural features and materials, in order to reduce their apparent bulk and volume, to enhance visual quality and contribute to human scale development in accordance with the following:
  1. All structures proposed under the same land development application shall consist of a unified and coordinated architectural theme.
  2. Exterior Building Materials: The predominant material of all facades facing public streets shall be brick, stone, highly textured masonry block, curtain wall, metal panel systems with concealed fasteners, glazed panels, cement-board siding or wood. Stucco or dryvit may be utilized provided it is no more than 20% of non-window facades at the street floor level and no more than 50% of non-window facades above the street floor level.
    1. All sides of a building shall be architecturally designed to be consistent with regard to style, materials, colors and details. The architectural treatment of the front facade shall be continuous in its major features around all visibly exposed sides of a building with the exception of parking structures or that portion of a building containing a parking structure. Blank walls or service area treatment of side and/or rear elevations visible from public view shall be prohibited.
  3. Vertical Articulation: Buildings are required to provide articulation on the exterior of any wall surface in order to provide architectural interest and variety to the massing of a building and to relieve the effect of a single, long monotonous wall or roof. Blank facades, without windows or architectural elements to create interest, are prohibited.
  1. The massing of any one building wall shall not exceed 50 feet (horizontal dimension) without a vertical articulation along its entire height. Vertical articulation may include a change of building façade plane or material. The depth of change in façade plane for vertical wall articulation shall be a minimum of 2’-0”. Such articulation may consist of building wall offsets, recesses and projections such as bays, balconies, canopies, awnings, pilasters, columns and other similar features.
  2. Building corners located at the intersections of public streets shall incorporate the following:
    1. Building corners shall be chamfered at least 10’ from the corner setback. The chamfer shall extend from the ground to the top of the building unless the following features are incorporated:
      1. Building corner chamfers may be limited to the street level story only if the portion of building corners above the street level story is visually emphasized through design features, such as step backs, fenestration patterns, balconies, towers, building entries, bays, or similar features.
  1. Horizontal Articulation: Horizontal articulation of the building facade, including changes to the horizontal building plane and/or materials, shall be used to break up the scale of the building facade. Such horizontal articulation may be provided by roof terraces, setbacks or other devices. Horizontal articulation shall emphasize the building base, body and roof/parapet edge.
  1. Buildings greater than 40 feet in height shall be designed utilizing a definition of the base, body and roof or parapet edge (or similar designations) as the primary method of defining and relating buildings to one another.
  2. The base shall generally be considered the first story of the facade facing a public street, but can vary depending on the overall building height and range from ground plane to the floor line of the third floor in buildings of at least four stories in height. The design of the base should be emphasized through the design, quality and durability of its materials to create visual interest. The transition from the base of a building to the body may be expressed either horizontally, through a shift in the horizontal plane and/or through a change in building materials.
  3. The top of a building greater than 40 feet in height shall be architecturally distinguished by providing a visual termination to the facade and interest at the skyline by incorporation of highly detailed architectural elements that are visible from street level.
  4. Any building measuring taller than 40 feet in height shall provide an expression line on the wall plane, continuing around all sides of a building above the first or second floor. The expression line may consist of a projecting element, a minimum 4 inches in depth, such as a belt course or cornice as well as a terrace that sets back the walls of the building above the expression line.
  1. Roofs:
    1. Rooflines shall be articulated vertically with a change in roof line every 50’. This requirement does not apply to flat roofs.
    2. On buildings with flat roofs, all visibly exposed walls shall have an articulated cornice that projects a minimum of 4 inches horizontally from the top of the vertical building wall.
    3. Fixed or retractable canvas / fabric awnings are permitted at street floor level and on upper levels where appropriate, if they complement a building’s architectural features. On buildings with multiple storefronts, or on adjacent buildings on the same lot, compatible awnings shall be used as a means of unifying the structures. Metal or internally lit non-fabric awnings are prohibited.
    4. All roof-top mechanical equipment, including antennas, shall be visually and acoustically screened from view of both the public right-of-way and adjacent properties. Screening may be accomplished by using parapets, walls or roof elements. Such screening shall be integral to the architectural design of the building.
    5. Vegetated roofs are encouraged and may be used for stormwater mitigation based on conformance with applicable stormwater regulations.
  2. Proportions of Walls to Openings for Street Level Facades:
    1. A street level façade is the building wall or walls where there are primary and secondary customer entrances and where they are the prominent facades as viewed from streets or parking areas.
    2. A wall to clear window/door ratio of between 2 to 1 and 4 to 1 is required. For street floor level commercial and retail uses, a wall to clear window ratio between 1 to 1 and 2 to 1 is required.
    3. The maximum length of a blank wall between clear window/door openings shall be 15’
    4. Elements such as pent eaves, pediments, or sills and lintels above and below windows and doors are required.
  3. Windows:
  1. For Retail and Commercial uses. smoked, reflective, tinted or black glass in windows at street level is prohibited. Glazing shall have a minimum visible transmittance of .75 and also meet energy code compliance.
  2. Any street level facades with less than 50% of clear windows shall be articulated by two or more of the following:
  1. Articulation of building facade plane, and/or changes in materials;
  2. If the building is occupied by a commercial use at street level, recessed or projecting display window cases or simulated windows.
  1. Outdoor trash storage area screening shall be provided as required by the MU Mixed Use Zoning Overlay Ordinance. Screen design shall consist of a unified and coordinated architectural theme and durable materials that are compatible with the design of the buildings that they serve.
  2. Parking Structures: The following shall apply to parking structures
  1. Architectural elevations shall be provided to demonstrate that front facades of parking structures sufficiently screen vehicles in the parking garage from view of the street and shall demonstrate that parking structures are architecturally compatible with the character of surrounding buildings and meet the architectural design guidelines for mixed use districts.
  2. If the front façade of the parking structure is within the minimum or maximum front yard setback, at least 75% of first (ground) floor of the structure shall contain other permitted uses.
    1. Other architectural design standards for parking structures are as follows:
      1. Horizontal façade articulation of the parking structure, including changes in building plane and materials, shall be used. The depth of such articulation shall be a minimum of 2’-0”, and occur at a maximum horizontal 50’ interval.
      2. Vertical architectural features of the parking structure façade, including changes in building materials, shall be used. The change in architectural articulation shall occur at a maximum of every 20’ of height.
      3. The Primary Front Facade of a Parking Structure shall be pedestrian oriented and scaled.
      4. The visual impact of sloping floors from any public access way shall be minimized through design treatment of the parking structure’s facade.
  • Requirements for sidewalks and trails:

 

  1.  
  1. Pedestrian crosswalks: Pedestrian crosswalks shall be marked with a textured paving treatment. Pedestrian crosswalks shall also be installed where sidewalks intersect driveways and roadways. Design, textures and colors shall be as approved by the Township. Pedestrian crosswalks shall also be installed in parking lots.

 

  1. Pedestrian level lighting: Pedestrian lighting shall be installed at 75’ on center along sidewalks. Light poles shall be located in the street front common use area or other location as approved by the Township. Light fixture shall be PPL Victorian fixture, 14 foot spun aluminum pole, painted black, 100 watt. Electricity cost shall be paid for by the property or business owner. Cost of installation shall be paid for by the property owner or business owner. Lighting shall be subject to the energy code requirements of the PA UCC.

 

  1. Streetscape Site Amenities: Additional amenities and design elements shall be added to the streetscape. These are:
    1. One (1) bench shall be provided for each increment of minimum lot width, unless otherwise approved by the Township. The benches shall be model CBF-138, 6’ length, with black finish manufactured by Victor Stanley or approved equal by the Township. Benches shall be permanently mounted to a concrete pad or other means acceptable to the Township and shall be located in the street front common area or other location as approved by the Township. Benches shall be maintained by the property or business owner.   Property and business owners shall use the same type of bench on the interiors of their properties.
    2. One (1) trash receptacle shall be provided for every property along Carlisle Pike, Sporting Hill Road, Central Boulevard, Trindle Road, Simpson Ferry Road. The trash receptacles shall be model S-42 with a black finish manufactured by Victor Stanley or equal as approved by the Township. Trash receptacles shall be permanently mounted to a concrete pad, footing or other means acceptable to the Township and shall be located in the street front common area. Property owners on whose property the receptacles are located on shall be responsible for emptying and maintenance of the trash receptacles.
    3. Planted areas of trees, flowering perennials, ornamental grasses, flowering and evergreen shrubs, flowering bulbs in combination, that provide four seasons of interest and color as required by this section. These planted areas shall be at least 4 feet wide by at least 30% of the lot width. They shall be maintained by the property or business owner. Trees along the streets, trees in parking lots and plants in the street side common use areas shall be from the Approved List of Plant Materials contained in this Part as Appendix 1.

 

  1. Signs: For any proposed use in the M-U District signs shall be an integral part of the architectural design for the building(s). Sign materials shall utilize the same, similar or complementary materials as utilized for the buildings. Sign dimensions and other standards shall be regulated in accordance with use and with Section 1721 of the Hampden Township Zoning Ordinance except to the extent specifically modified or limited by the following:
    1. Directory signs for one or multiple tenants shall be consolidated and located within 20’ of the driveway entrance.
    2. An architectural lighting plan, designed to highlight a sign, building, landscape feature, façade or other feature shall be submitted as a part of the required Design Manual submission and shall conform to the requirements of the Zoning Ordinance Section 1711 Outdoor Lighting.
  2. Shared Parking Agreement: If the applicant proposes shared parking between two (2) or more lots that are in separate ownership, the applicant(s) shall enter into a shared parking agreement with abutting lot(s) containing the following:
  1. Documentary evidence of the shared parking agreement for the sites.
  2. A safety and security plan that addresses provisions for maintenance, lighting, and snow removal of the shared parking lot(s).
  3. Provisions for the ongoing maintenance of the parking field and drive aisles.
  4. Provisions for monitoring and relief if not adequate: valet, parking lot attendants, review of leases, additional off-site parking, on-site expansion, parking deck
  5. Provisions for a time frame for the property owner to comply with the shared parking agreement
  • Cross Access (Shared Driveway) Easement(s) Agreement:

 

(1). Cross access easements shall be provided for all properties developed under the MU Zoning District.

(2). Cross access provides for vehicle access between abutting lots so that drivers can directly access the adjoining lot(s) without re-entering the access road. The applicant(s) shall enter into a cross access easement(s) with adjoining properties that front on the same access road. The access agreement shall contain, at a minimum, the following provisions:

  1. Documentary evidence identifying location(s) of permanent cross access easement(s) for the sites.
  2. A safety and security plan that addresses provisions for maintenance, lighting, and snow removal of the cross access easement(s).
  3. Provisions that the easement(s) will not be blocked off or used as parking.
  4. Provisions for a time frame for the property owner to comply with the construction of cross access easement(s).

(3). The area of the shared driveway (but not the surrounding parking area) of cross access (shared driveway) easement(s), shall be exempted from impervious coverage limitations. If only one lot is being developed, a cross access easement to an abutting lot or lots shall be offered and recorded on the plan for the lot being developed.

(4). Driveway and pedestrian connections between nonresidential parking areas shall be exempted from impervious coverage limitations.

(5). Parking space requirements for the lot shall be reduced by the number of spaces removed due to the easement(s), but in no case shall this be more than two (2) parking spaces for lots 2 acres to 4 acres in size and no more than six (6) parking spaces for lots greater than 4 acres.  Similarly, if the easement(s) removes required landscaping area, the landscaping requirement shall be reduced by the area removed due to the easement(s).

  1. DEFINITIONS SPECIFIC TO M-U MIXED USE OVERLAY DESIGN

                   STANDARDS.

     The following words or phrases set forth in this Part 7-A shall have those meanings as

prescribed below:

     

 

              BAY: A regularly repeated unit on a building elevation defined by columns,

             pilasters or other vertical elements or defined by a given number of windows or

openings.

 

BLANK WALL: An exterior building wall with no openings and generally constructed of a single material, uniform texture, and on a single plane.

BUILDING SCALE: The relationship between the mass of a building and its surroundings, including the width of streets, open space, and mass of surrounding buildings.

COLUMN: A vertical pillar or shaft, usually structural.

CORNICE: The top part of an entablature, usually molded and projecting.

CUPOLA: A small roof tower, usually rising from the roof ridge.

FASCIA: A projecting flat horizontal member or molding

FENESTRATION: Window and other openings on a building facade.

GABLE: The part of the end wall of a building between the eaves and a pitched or gambrel roof.

LINTEL: A horizontal beam over an opening in a masonry wall, either structural or decorative.

MASSING: The three-dimensional bulk of a structure: height, width and depth.

PILASTER: A column partially embedded in a wall, usually nonstructural.

RHYTHM: The effect obtained through repetition of architectural elements, such as building height, rooflines, or side yard setbacks; of streetscape elements, such as decorative lampposts; or of natural elements, such as street trees.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                                                                                

                                                                 APPENDIX 1

                                       LIST OF APPROVED PLANT MATERIALS         

 

  1. Street or Shade Trees Suitable for Street without overhead utilities or suitable for use in Parking Lots

 

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Acer saccharum(n)                                                    Sugar Maple

Acer pseudo-platanus                                              Sycamore Maple

Acer rubrum(n)                                                          Red Maple

Gingo biloba(m)                                                        Gingko

Gleditsia triacanthos inermis                                   Thornless Honey Locust

Koelreuteria paniculata                                            Golden-Rain Tree

Platanus x acerifolia ‘Bloodgood’                           Bloodgood London Planetree

Quercus phellos(n)                                                    Willow Oak

Quercus rubra(n)                                                       Red Oak

Sophora japonica                                                     Japanese Pagoda Tree

Tilia americana(n)                                                      American Linden

Tilia cordata                                                             Little Leaf Linden

Tilia tomentosa                                                        Silver Linden

Ulmus Americana ‘Valley Forge’(n)                          American Elm

Ulmus parvifolia                                                      Chinese Lacebark Elm

Zelkova serrate                                                        Japanese Zelkova

 

  1. Small Street Trees Suitable for beneath overhead utilities or suitable for use in Parking Lots

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Acer buergerianum                                                 Trident Maple

Acer campestre                                                       Hedge Maple

Cercis canadensis(n)                                                  Redbud

Chionanthus virginicus(n)                                         Fringe Tree

Cornus kousa                                                           Kousa Dogwood

Cornus mas                                                              Cornelian Cherry

Cornus x rutgersensis                                              Rutger’s Hybrid Flowering Dogwood

Crataegus crusgalli var. inermis                              Thornless Hawthorne

Koelreuteria paniculata                                            Golden-Rain Tree

Lagerstroemia spp.                                                 Crapemyrtle

Magnolia virginiana(n)                                              Sweetbay Magnolia

Malus spp.                                                               Crab Apple Species

Prunus sargentii                                                       Sargent Cherry

Prunus spp.                                                              Flowering Cherries / Plums

Styrax japonicus                                                      Japanese Snowbell

Syringa reticulata                                                     Japanese Tree Lilac

 

  1. Columnar trees suitable for streets without overhead power lines were the available width for tree canopy is constrained.

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Acer x Freemanii ‘Armstrong’                                 Armstrong Red Maple

Acer rubrum ‘Bowhall’                                            Bowhall Red Maple

Carpinus betulus ‘Fastigiata’                                    Pyramidal European Hornbeam

Gingko biloba ‘Princeton Sentry’                             Columnar Gingko

Quercus palustris ‘Green Pillar’                                Columnar Pin Oak

Quercus robur ‘Crimson Spire’                                 Crimson Spire Oak

 

  1. Evergreen Shrubs Suitable for Common Use Areas

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Abelia x grandiflora                                                Glossy Abelia

Aucuba japonica                                                      Japanese Aucuba

Buxus spp.(low varieties only)                                Boxwood

Cotoneaster salicifolius var. Floccosus                    Willowleaf Cotoneaster

Ilex crenata                                                              Japanese Holly

Ilex glabra(n)                                                             Inkberry

Ilex mesevvea                                                          Blue Holly

Myrica pensylvanica(n)                                             Northern Bayberry

Rosa Rugosa                                                            Rugosa Rose

Taxus baccatta rependens                                        Weeping Yew

 

  1. Deciduous Shrubs Suitable for Common Use Areas

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Aesculus parviflora(n)                                              Bottlebrush Buckeye

Aronia arbutifolia(n)                                                 Red Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa(n)                                             Black Chokeberry

Calycanthus floridus(n)                                             Sweet Shrub

Cephalanthus occidentalis(n)                                    Buttonbush

Chaenomeles speciosa                                            Common Floweringquince

Clethra spp. (s)                                                          Summersweet

Continus coggygriai                                               Smoke Tree

Cornus spp. (n)                                                          Red Twig Dogwood

Enkianthus campanulatus                                        Redvine Enkianthus

Fothergilla gardenii(n)                                              Dwarf Fothergilla

Hamamelis spp.(s)                                                    Whitchhazel

Hydrangea spp.(s)                                                     Hydrangea

Ilex verticillata(n)                                                     Common Winterberry

Kolkwitzia amabilis                                                Beautybush

Lindera benzoin(n)                                                   Spicebush

Magnolia stellata                                                     Star Magnolia

Physocarpus opulifolius(n)                                       Common Ninebark

Rhus spp.(s)                                                              Sumac

Sambucus canadensis(n)                                           Elderberry

Spirea spp.                                                               Spirea

Vaccinium spp.(s)                                                     Blueberry

 

  1. Ground Covers

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Alchemilla mollis                                                     Lady’s Mantle

Carex spp.(e)(s)                                                           Sedge

Ceratostigma plumbaginoides                                 Plumbago

Convallaria majalis                                                  Lily of the Valley

Epimedium spp.                                                       Barrenwort

Euphorbia amygdaloides var. robbiae(e) (n)               Wood Spurge

Gaultheria procumbens(e) (n)                                      Checkerberry or Creeping Wintergreen

Hedera spp.(e)                                                           Ivy

Helleborus spp.(e)                                                     Lenten Rose

Heuchera spp.(e) (n)                                                    Coral Bells

Iberis sempervirens(e)                                               Candytuft

Juniperus spp.(e)                                                        Juniper species (low prostrate cultivars)

Liriope spp.(e)                                                           Lily Turf

Microbiota decussate(e)                                            Russian Arborvitae

Ophiopogon planiscapus(e)                                       Mondo Grass

Pachysandra procumbens(n)                                     Allegheny spurge

Pachysandra terminalis(e)                                         Japanese Pachysandra

Sisyrinchium angustifolium(n)                                  Blue Eyed Grass

Stachys byzantina                                                    Lamb’s Ear

Tiarella spp. (n)                                                          Foamflower

Vinca spp. (e)                                                            Common Periwinkle

 

  1. Perennials / Ornamental Grasses

Common Name                                                      Botanical Name

Achillea millefolium(n)                                            Yarrow

Acorus gramineus                                                    Sweet Flag

Agastache spp.                                                        Anise Hyssop

Amsonia spp. (n)                                                      Blue Star

Anemone spp. (s)                                                      Windflower

Aruncus spp. (n)                                                        Goat’s Beard

Asclepias incarnata(n)                                               Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa(n)                                                Butterfly Weed

Aster spp. (s)                                                             Aster

Baptisia spp. (n)                                                         False Indigo

Bergenia spp.                                                           Leather Pigsqueak

Calamagrostis spp.                                                   Feather Reed Grass

Chasmanthium latifolium(n)                                     Northern Sea Oats

Coreopsis spp. (n)                                                      Tickseed

Echinacea spp. (n)                                                     Purple Coneflower

Elymus canadensis(n)                                                Canada Wild Rye

Eupatorium spp.(n)                                                   Joe Pye Weed

Geranium spp. (n)                                                     Cranesbill

Hakonechloa macra                                                 Hakone Grass

Helenium spp. (n)                                                      Sneezeweed

Helianthus spp.                                                        Sunflower

Helictotrichon sempervirens                                    Blue Oat Grass

Hemerocallis spp.                                                    Daylily

Hibiscus spp. (s)                                                       Mallow

Hosta spp.                                                                Hosta

Leucanthemum x superbum(n)                                  Shasta Daisy

Leymus arenarius                                                     Dune Grass

Liatris spicata(n)                                                       Gayfeather

Ligularia spp.                                                           Goldenray

Lilium spp. (s)                                                           Lily

Lobelia spp. (n)                                                          Cardinal Flower

Monarda spp. (n)                                                       Bee Balm

Muhlenbergia capillaris(n)                                        Pink Muhly Grass

Nassella tenuissima(n)                                               Mexican Feather Grass

Nepeta x faassenii                                                   Catmint

Panicum virgatum(n)                                                Switchgrass

Pennisetum alopecuroides                                       Fountain Grass

Penstemon digitalis(n)                                              Beardtongue

Perovskia atriplicifolia                                             Russian Sage

Phlox spp.(s)                                                             Phlox – Creeping

Pycnanthemum spp.(n)                                              Mountain Mint

Rudbeckia spp. (s)                                                    Black-Eyed Susan

Salvia spp.(s)                                                             Perennial Sage

Schizachyrium scoparium(n)                                     Little Bluestem

Sedum spp.                                                              Stonecrop

Sesleria autumnalis                                                  Autumn Moor Grass

Solidago spp. (n)                                                       Goldenrod

Sorgastrum nutans(n)                                               Indian Grass

Sporobolus heterolepis(n)                                         Prairie Dropseed

Tradescantia virginiana(n)                                        spider lily

Veronica spp.                                                           Speedwell

Veronicastrum virginicum(n)                                    Culver Root

 

(n) – Native to the Northeast region

(m) – Male clone only

(s) – Some species are native to the Northeast region

(e) – Evergreen groundcover

(t) – Plant has thorns and may not be suitable for areas ne

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